The text constant returns the text that has been specified as its descriptive text.
The next line element is a text constant returning the line end text (two characters having a numeric value of 13 and 10, i.e. ASCII codes CR and LF).
merge of texts
The merge of texts element serves to merge two or more texts into one text. The texts are added gradually in the succession from the top downwards.
The text identity element is used to evaluate the congruency of texts. One or more texts can be entered. The texts are evaluated gradually from the top downwards. The element returns a validity flag in case all the texts are identical. A special case is a comparison of one text only. Here, the text is compared with an empty text, i.e. it is examined, if it is empty.
Note: The texts are compared while distinguishing uppercase and lowercase letters. If the texts are to be compared without distinguishing uppercase and lowercase letters, they must first be converted to either uppercase or lowercase letters.
alphabetic comparison of texts
The alphabetic comparison of texts element serves to compare alphabetic sequence of texts for the purpose of alphabetic sorting. The comparison does not distinguish between upper case and lower case letters, but it respects the national specific information pursuant to the Windows system setting (i.e. letters with diacritics, or two-letter speech sounds). One or more texts can be entered to be compared. Texts are compared gradually from the top downwards. The element returns a validity flag in case it holds for every neighboring text pairs that the first (upper) text is alphabetically more remote than the other one (not being identical). The functional effect consists in comparing two list texts, and making a text interchange in case the first text lies alphabetically higher. A special case is a comparison of one text only. Here, the text is compared with an empty text, being examined, if it is not empty (contrary to the previous comparison).
left part of text
length of left part of text
(number of characters)
right part of text
beginning of right part of text
middle part of text
beginning of middle part of text
length of middle part of text
(number of characters)
length of text
(returns number of characters)
conversion of number from text to numerical form
conversion of number from numerical to text form
convert number to text - 2 decimal digits
convert number to text - 8 hexadecimal digits
convert character to numeric code
convert numeric code to character
convert to lower case
convert to upper case
find text position
(returns position 0...; -1 = not found)
text to be found
number of text lines
text line number
(line number = 0...)
line of the block beginning
position of the block beginning
line of the block end
position of the block end
The text block element returns a selected part of a multiline text. A multiline text must use pair of the CR (code 13) and LF (code 10) characters to terminate text rows. The block line and position are entered as a number zero or more. The -1 number is used as an end of the text or row.
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